San Diego Zoo includes various types of flora and fauna. Among California Condors, warty pigs, koalas, and an albino boa constrictor, there are even more approximately 4,000 rare and endangered animals, along with a famous botanical collection of San Diego Zoo, with over 700,000 exotic plants.
The sunny maritime, climate and temperate of California are well-suited to many animals and plants at the zoo. San Diego Zoo maintains its grounds as an arboretum, along with a rare plant collection.
The botanical collection includes more than 4,500 species of plants and about 40 varieties of bamboo, which were raised for the pandas. Besides, they maintain around 18 types of eucalyptus trees.
The American Association of Museums has accredited San Diego Botanical Collections as a Botanical Garden, since 1993. One of the prized collections are orchids, palms, cycads, fig-trees, and coral trees. Furthermore, there are some other plants, including bamboo, acacia, eucalyptus, and hibiscus, grown for animal food.
Polar Bear Plunge
Polar bear Plunge opened in 1996 and was later renovated in 2010—currently, the plunge houses around 30 species from the Arctic. Visitors can find the three polar bears, named Chinook, Tatqiq, and Kalluk. San Diego Zoo manages to keep polar bears in the sunny city of San Diego, and bear are right at home since the focal point of the Conrad Prebys Polar Bear Plunge is the pool.
There is an underwater viewing room designed for visitors to see how playful and agile these Arctic animals are. From the marine viewing area, visitors can find out how bears are swimming in their 130,000-US-gallon (490,000L) pool.
Other animals live in the Plunge; animals include reindeer, Arctic foxes, and raccoons. Farther down there is an arctic aviary, home to ducks like buffleheads, smews, wigeons, harlequin ducks, redheads, pintails, long-tailed ducks, and canvasbacks. The aviary represents over 25 species of duck. Some of them include many different pine trees, giant redwood trees, and manzanita.
Owens Aviary is a huge birdcage in San Diego Zoo. Visitors can walk through and observe different species of birds from the world. Owens Aviary features more than 200 feathered animals; out of them are 60 species and 180 birds. The free-flight aviary is designed to simulate the sounds and sights of a real Southeast Asian jungle environment. Aviary represents exotic species from Australia and Southeast Asia, including ferms, flowers, and foliage indigenous.
Monkey Trails and Forest Tales
Opened in 2005, Monkey Trails and Forest Tales, a multilevel forest, is a home for over 30 species of mammals, birds, reptiles, and amphibians, as well as for the variety of exotic and rare plants, all from the rainforests of Africa and Asia. It replaced the previous exhibit -the Monkey Yard.
Visitors can explore monkeys such as spot-nosed guenons, Angola colobuses, tufted capuchins, spider monkeys, black mangabeys, L'Hoest's guenons, mandrills, and Wolf's guenons. Besides, there are birds, including sociable weavers, yellow-rumped tinker-birds, and amethyst starlings. Also, visitors can find yellow-backed duikers, pygmy hippos, slender-snouted crocodiles, snakes, lizards, turtles, and fish. In smaller exhibits, other reptiles and amphibians are living, such as pancake tortoises, arthropods like Madagascar hissing cockroaches.
Opened in 2017, Conrad Prebys's Africa Rocks represents the biodiversity of Africa. Africa Rocks feature the following six habitats:
- Cape Finabos - features endangered African penguins, native to South Africa.
- Acacia Woodland - features a leopard exhibit, an aviary, and a troop of vervet monkeys.
- Madagascar Forest - features lemurs, the fossa, and the ratel.
- Ethiopian Highlands - features Hamadryas baboons and gelada.
- Kopje Woodland - features klipspringers, the dwarf mongoose, and rock hyrax.
- West African Forest - features a 65-foot tall Rady Falls, the largest human-made waterfall in the region of San Diego. The forest is home for Madagascan big-headed turtles, the floating fig tree, and West African mud turtles.
World’s only Albino Koala
The San Diego Zoo is the only zoo, which has the most significant number of koalas outside of Australia. The world's only albino koala was born September 1, 1997, in a zoological facility of the San Diego Zoo. The albino koala was named Onya-Birri, which in the Australian Aboriginal language, means "ghost boy.’’